2015 Annual Fisherman’s Day Conference

Suzanne, Achsah and Kimani present at the 2015 Jamaica International Fisherman’s Day Conference

Fishermans conference - program cover

On Wednesday 1st July 2015, Dr Suzanne Palmer, Kimani Kitson-Walters, and Achsah Mitchell presented at The Annual Jamaica International Fisherman’s Day Conference. The meeting was hosted by the Caribbean Coastal Area Management Foundation (C-CAM), The Jamaica Fishermen Cooperative Union Limited, and the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries and held in Clarendon.

C-CAM reported that over 160 people registered, of which there were 131 fishermen and women from 15 different fishing beaches across Jamaica.

 

Theme of the Conference – “the Future of Fisheries is in our Hands”

The conference was chaired by Ms Ingrid Parchment (Executive Director of CCAM) with a panel that included Mr Andre Kong, Director, Fisheries Division, Mr Dermon Spence (Chief Technical Director, Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries), Shawn Taylor (Chairman, Jamaica Fisherman Coop Union), and Sydney Francis (Chairman, The All Island Fisheries Development Alliance) (see photo below).

Fishermans conference 2015_3

The conference gave the opportunity for fishermen and women to ask questions or make comments to the panel – this was not about presenting and defending science like many conferences but people discussing and defending their livelihoods. The many questions that were fired at the panel (and Suzanne!) revealed their knowledgeable insight into Jamaica’s Fisheries. They expressed passionate often aggravated concern that their standpoint should form and influence the decisions and policies underpinning Fisheries Management in Jamaica.

Our Presentation and Discussion – reef health and possible solutions (PBPA and Jamaica)

cover slide

Fishermans conference 2015
Suzanne at the Fisherman’s Conference (Photo: CCAM)

Suzanne was invited to present at the Conference to share the findings of the 2014 coral reef assessment of the Portland Bight Protected Area (south coast of Jamaica) which was funded by a Waitt Foundation Rapid Ocean Conservation Grant.  Previous presentations of this recent assessment have focused on presenting the science, and providing extensive scientific evidence as to why the PBPA is an important marine area and needs to continue to be protected and not developed as a transhipment hub/port. However, here there was the opportunity to discuss the importance of the findings to fishermen and their livelihoods, and how the results can be used to inform Fisheries Management in Jamaica.

The Achilles heel in Jamaica’s reef fisheries?

Some of our key findings highlighted the extremely low fish biomass that is characteristic of many Jamaican reefs – continuing as we are is clearly not sustainable. Parrotfish and surgeonfish graze on algae and therefore have an important role on the reef by helping to maintain the balance between coral and algae. The targeted overfishing of parrotfish and surgeonfish has been identified as a key issue in the decline off Caribbean coral reef health, and over the last couple of years many countries in the region have implemented fishing bans and policies on the catch of parrotfish.

What about Jamaica? Well, Jamaican’s love to eat parrotfish! Our suggestions to enforce the catch of parrotfish (anything from bans, to size of catch, to zoning, etc.) proved controversial and were met with strong resistance. Two key issues: (1) If they don’t catch parrotfish what do they catch? (2) The strong market demand for parrotfish. A fishermen at the Conference commented that recent rough seas resulted in less parrot and so they only caught snapper, however he seriously struggled to sell them as people only wanted parrot.

Kimani Kitson Walters (PhD candidate in Marine Biology and Biotechnology at The University of the West Indies), describes his thoughts & experience:

“Attending the 2015 International Fisherman’s Conference in May Pen, Clarendon for me was an eye opening experience. It provided a journey into the mind of a Jamaican fisherman and their perception on the future of the Jamaican Fishing Industry. I found them to be very passionate with an immense desire to improve their financial situation. They are very protective of their livelihood but aren’t willing to recognize that fish populations and consequently their source of income are under threat due to the lack of suitable habitat. The Fishermen are all for implementing practices that secure sustainable fishing however those methods which they are not able to comprehend or interfere with their potential income such as the banning of the the fishing of Parrotfish is met with a lot of resistance. If they are made to fully understand the reasons for implementing these methods which have been proven to work, we are a lot closer to restoring our reefs habitats and mature fish populations. Doing it holistically and not just from one perspective.”

This was an excellent opportunity for us to share our findings of the PBPA reef assessment, but we also hope that they offered food for thought and a different perspective to thinking about some of the serious challenges that Jamaica’s Fisheries are experiencing. In doing so we are playing our part in strengthening the link between science, fisheries livelihoods, and fisheries management/policy in Jamaica.

Many thanks to Achsah and Kimani for their excellent presentation at the Conference, and their commitment and dedication as team members throughout this project.

 

Marine conference in Curaçao – AMLC2015

Last month Suzanne attended the Association of Caribbean Marine Laboratories (AMLC) 37th Scientific Meeting in Curaçao to present the results of the 2014 coral reef assessment in the Portland Bight Protected Area, Jamaica

Last month Suzanne (Palmer) attended the Association of Caribbean Marine LaboratoriesAMLC (AMLC) 37th Scientific Meeting which was held at the Carmabi Research Station in Curaçao. Curaçao is one of the three islands that form the Netherland Antilles (the other two being Bonaire and Aruba).

Conference presentation: Suzanne had the opportunity to present the results of the 2014 coral reef assessment of the Portland Bight Protected Area (south coast of Jamaica) which was funded by a Waitt Foundation Rapid Ocean Conservation Grant.  There was a good response to the talk and surprise over some of the results, for example, the reasonable condition of the corals and relatively high density of fish, but extremely low fish biomass when compared regionally. This was interesting to a number of coral reef scientists who have largely been based at  the Discovery Bay Marine Lab and so are more familiar with the reefs on the north coast of Jamaica. The conference offered the opportunity to inform international marine scientists on the importance of the Portland Bight Protected Area, the status and presence of the coral reefs in the PBPA, and why there needs to be continued  protection (and not developed as a transhipment hub/port).

Suzanne @AMLC2015
Suzanne @AMLC2015 (photo Denise Henry)

The conference provided an excellent opportunity to network with people working on coral reefs in the Caribbean Region and it is anticipated that a number of interesting collaborations have been created. Interestingly, ~50% of participants to the Association of Caribbean Marine Laboratories conference were in fact from the U.S., and so would like to hope that there are strong links between the US scientists and the Caribbean Region beyond fieldwork.

Stoplight parrotfish (photo Michael Burn)

Coral reefs around the Netherland Antilles

Diving around Curaçao and Bonaire was initially surprising after spending the past few years in Jamaica due to the size and number of reef fish. The parrotfish are enormous (compared to Jamaica) and the fish do not appear too bothered by divers so there is a real chance to observe their behavior! Bonaire’s coral reefs have some of the highest coral cover in the region (e.g. 2010 report) and often described as some of the last ‘healthy’ reefs in the region, however, like many other Caribbean reefs they are not without their problems and challenges (e.g. Report after 2010 coral bleaching event). Bonaire comprises mainly shore dives and is referred to as “Divers Paradise” – which is also written on the islands vehicle registration plates! You don’t see too many fishing boats like many other Caribbean islands, and tourism is extremely important to these small islands (Curacao and Bonaire are very small islands – together their total area represents ~7% of the area of Jamaica!).

Jolthead porgy (photo Michael Burn)

A couple of things we found interesting on our trip to Curaçao (after living in Jamaica 5+ years):

Multiple languages spoken

In Curaçao a number of languages are spoken with Dutch being the official language used for admin and legal use, and the most widely spoken being Papiamento which is a Portuguese creole language – it has a real Spanish/South American sound to it.

Curaçao’s Floating Market

The whole island reminded us of the Hellshire Hills dry limestone forest in Jamaica with lots of cactus & not too hospitable for growing fresh produce! The Floating Market in Willemstad comprises colorful boats from Venezuela and Columbia lined up providing fresh fruit and vegetables to the local market.

Iguana on patio!
Green iguana (photo Michael Burn)

Iguanas are everywhere

In Jamaica we are familiar hearing about the critically endangered Jamaican iguana and reading about the fantastic work of the various groups who have been fundamental in saving and protecting this species. So when we arrived in Curaçao and iguanas were strolling around the garden, across roads, and referred to as nuisances….and are on the menu (!), we were rather surprised!

Certainly an interesting trip and provided some insight into the cultural, economic, and environmental diversity between Caribbean islands.